Toowoomba is the largest inland non-capital city in Australia. It has the headquarters for the Toowoomba Regional Council’s administration and has a population of around 100,000.
Toowoomba enjoys four distinct seasons and the rich volcanic soil in the region helps maintain the 150 public parks that are scattered across the city. Jacaranda, Camphor Laurel and Plane trees line many of the city streets. The city's reputation as 'The Garden City' is highlighted during the Australian Carnival of Flowers festival held in September each year. Deciduous trees from around the world line many of the parks, giving a display of autumn colour. This is particularly rare in Australia, as nearly the entire continent is forested with evergreen.
Toowoomba's history has been preserved in its buildings. Examples of architecture drawing from the city's wealthy beginnings include Toowoomba City Hall, the National Trust Royal Bull's Head Inn and many examples in the heritage-listed Russell Street. Immediately to the east of the CBD is the Caledonian Estate, an area of turn of the 20th century housing, ranging from humble workers cottages to large stately homes, in the classic wooden Queenslander style.
Toowoomba is also home to The Empire Theatre, which was originally opened in June 1911. The Empire Theatre was extensively renovated in the late 1990s, but retains much of its Art Deco architecture and decorations, especially the proscenium arch. Able to seat 1500 people, the Empire Theatre is now the largest regional theatre in Australia.
As well the Cobb & Co Museum houses Australia's largest collection of horse-drawn vehicles.
The suburbs also offer diverse living with ever changing streetscapes catering for both first home buyers right through to luxurious, up market living.